It was the usual practice of the Holy Prophet (Pbuh) to retire to the cave of Hira on the outskirts of Makkah. There, he would find the much needed solitude away from the crowded city. He would spend days and nights in contemplation, hardly caring for his food.
In the fortieth year of his life on one such day, in the second half of the month for Ramadan, Allah began to reveal His message for mankind. The Angel Gabriel appeared to [Muhammad (Pbuh) to ‘Read’] Muhammad (Pbuh) replied, “I cannot read.” Whereupon the Angel embraced him again and said “Read.” Muhammad (Pbuh) replied, “I cannot.” The Angel embraced him again. For a third time he was commanded to read. Muhammad (Pbuh) replied he could not and was again embraced. On releasing him this time, however, the Archangel said: Read: In the name of the Lord who createth, Creatheth man from a dot. Read: And thy Lord is the most generous who teacheth by the pen, teacheth man that which he knows not. (Qur’an 96:1-5)
Muhammad (Pbuh) repeated the verses, just as Gabriel had said them. When the Archangel was sure Muhammad (Pbuh) knew them by heart, he went away.
The Angel had left Muhammad (Pbuh) in utter confusion. For he could not make anything of this strange experience. Perhaps the place was haunted? Perhaps it was the devil? In this state of mind Muhammad (Pbuh) rushed out of the cave.
Outside a voice from heaven said. “O Muhammad (Pbuh) you are the Messenger of Allah, and I am Gabriel.” Muhammad looked up at the sky and wherever he turned he saw the Angel Gabriel.
Back at home Khadijah tried to console him. He shivered as though a fever has overtaken him and Khadijah wrapped him in blankets. When he recovered he told her what had happened in the cave of Hira. Khadijah’s joy knew no bounds and she said, “I swear by Allah who has my soul in His hands, that you will be the Prophet of our people.” His mind has not at ease and tired and exhausted he fell asleep.
From that day on, the message of Allah came regularly over a period of 23 years. It was meant to be a guidance for all mankind and the living example was embodied in the personality of the Holy Prophet of Islam (Pbuh).
The message of the Last Prophet was unique in that it was meant for all mankind and not merely for a community as was the message of Moses (Pbuh) which was directed to the Israelites.
Indeed the message itself is of such importance that only the Qur’an itself can aptly describe it. The greatness of the Holy Prophet (Pbuh) is related in these verses: “If we had sent down this Qur’an on to a mountain, you would have seen it humble splitting apart out of awe for God. These are the parables we make up for mankind so that they may ponder.” (Qur’an 59:21)
When the Holy Prophet (Pbuh) came to Medina from Makkah, a group of Ansar (local people of Medina) brought a young boy of 12 years and said, “O Prophet (Pbuh), this little boy of the tribe of Banu Najjar has memorised 17 Suras of the Holy Qur’an!”.
The Holy Prophet (Pbuh) was delighted. The boy was asked to recite the Qur’an, which he did fluently, to the delight of the hearers. That boy was Zaid bin Thabit who was later to become famous as the man who compiled the Qur’an.
So impressed was the Prophet (Pbuh) by Zaid’s flair for language that he entrusted to him the honour of writing down the revelation whenever it came. Zaid also wrote letters to the rulers of distant lands, on behalf of the Prophet (Pbuh). In Medina he acquired a knowledge of Persian, Katin and other languages from the people of those lands.
Zaid was only thirteen years old when the Battle of Badr took place. There was no place for young boys in the Muslim army but Zaid’s enthusiasm prompted the Holy Prophet (Pbuh) to include him in the army.
Zaid’s contribution is incalculable. He had faithfully recorded the revelation during the Holy Prophet’s (Pbuh) lifetime and during the Caliphate of Hazrath Abu Bakr he was entrusted with the difficult duty of collecting all the available written records of the revelation for compilation. He along with the numerous companions who had memorised the Holy Qur’an, meticulously surveyed the written records and compiled the Holy Qur’an as we know it today. The work of compilation was continued during the reign of Hazrath Omar and was eventually completed during the Caliphate of Hazrath Usman.
Zaid was truly an accomplished man. He was a Scholar of the Qur’an, Hadis and Fiqh. For so illustrious a man he was exceedingly humble, living his life as the Holy Prophet (Pbuh) had taught him.
Zaid bin Thabit (may Allah be pleased with him) passed away in the 56th year of his life leaving behind a great legacy. No one who has read Islamic History can fail to appreciate his great achievement.
In Science, matter is defined as anything that has mass and occupies space. Books, Pens, Tables, Stones, Tress, The Sun, The Earth and things like these are all material, that is, they are made of matter. Light and even air are material. All matter needs space in other words, a place to be in. Matter cannot exist without space. But matter is confined to one place and cannot be in two places at the same time.
For example, our bodies are made up of matter: When we are at school, we cannot be at home at the same time and vice versa. Hence, when we are at school, we cannot see what is happening at home: and while we are at home, we cannot see what is happening at school. Material things can be seen by the eyes and felt by the hands. The things we see or feel are all matter. Even air and light. Now, the question that arises is, Can Allah be matter? Can He be seen by the eyes?
Islam teaches us that Allah is perfect and without any needs. His wisdom and power are limitless. Therefore, He is in need of no object and no person. Allah cannot be matter because if He were matter, He would need space, and Allah is in need of nothing. Allah has himself created space.
Allah is not matter, because if He were matter, He would be at one place and not the other, or may be at another place but not anywhere else. He would not have been able to create the things at one place while He is existing in another place.
Allah is not matter for He is not situated at a certain place so as not to be elsewhere, rather everyone and everything has been created by Him.
For Allah, there is no here and there, no this place or that, for to Him all places are as one. He is with everyone and is informed of all places. He .. occupies no space: neither in the heavens nor in the earth. He can neither be seen with the eyes nor felt by the hands.
It is He who has created the eyes and hands, it is He who has created space and light, He has created our brains and given us humans a choice with which we can either try to understand His greatness and be grateful or deceive our own selves by going against His wishes.
The limitless power of Allah is near everything and every person. We as Muslims, should never forget that Allah is informed of every place and every person.
The holy book of Allah is called the Qur’an. It was revealed unto Muhammad (Pbuh) from Allah through angel Gabriel (Jibril) for a period of 23 years. There is only one Qur’an in the whole world and it is in Arabic language. The Qur’an has one text, one language, and one dialect. It has been memorized by millions of Muslims in different parts of the world.
The Qur’an is composed of 114 Surah (chapters). It is to be read and recited with rules and regulations. When to be touched and to be recited, a Muslim to be in a state of cleanliness and purity.
The authenticity and the totality of the Qur’an have been documented and recognized. The Qur’an can not be translated at all as the Qur’an is the exact words of Allah. Any translation is considered to be the explanation to the meaning of the Qur’an.
The Qur’an is so rich and comprehensive in matter that it can easily guide men and women in all works of their life. It is the ultimate source of guidance for people in all aspects of their spiritual and material lives.
The names and attributes that are given to the Qur’an in the Qur’an speak for themselves. The Qur’an is also described to be bounteous, glorious, mighty, honoured, exalted, purified, wonderful, blessed, and confirming the truth of previous revelations. The Qur’an has practically proved the truth and effectiveness of all of its names and epithets in the life of all true believers, who practised its teachings sincerely and devoutly.
The Qur’an has a Universal appeal, regardless of people’s colour, creed, nationality, and geographical divisions of the world. The goal of life, as addressed in the Qur’an, is to live according to what Allah has created us for, which is to worship Allah, and to obey his commandments in this life, which are of course, in the interest of people, and to gain going to Heaven and escape going to Hell in the hereafter. The real success is going to Heaven and the real failure is going to Hell, as the Qur’an states.
Those who are entirely lost in their material gains and luxury, without cultivating their spiritual and moral qualities, are declared by Allah (s..w.t.) to be like animals, rather worse than them. The ones who do not believe in Allah or follow His commandments are also described in many places of the Qur’an to be dead, deaf, mute, and blind. The real living, hearing, speaking and seeing are caused by the true belief in the heart. So our need for learning, studying, and following the Qur’an should come before our need for breathing, drinking and eating to survive, because life without such guidance is a miserable life that leads to eternal punishment.
Before making Ghusl one should make Niyyah (intention) Wash both hands up to and including wrists. Wash the private parts. The hands and private parts should be washed even if one is not in the state of Janaabat or Najaasat. If there is Najaasat elsewhere on the body, it should now be washed off. Perform Wudhu (Read separate pamphlet for Wudhu according to Sunnah). If making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away, and then perform the complete Wudhu. If there is fear of the feet being immersed in waste water during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed thrice.
After performing Wudhu, pour water over the head thrice, then pour thrice over right shoulder and thrice again over left shoulder. Now pour water over entire body and rub. If the hair of the head is not plaited, it is compulsory to wet all the hair up to the very base. If a single hair is left dry, Ghusl will not be valid. If the hair of a woman is plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited hair, but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. If one fails to do this then the Ghusl will not be valid. As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are NOT excused from leaving their hair dry. If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplaite her hair and wash her entire head. It is Mustahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it. All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hand so as to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body, and that no portion is left dry. Rings and earrings, etc. should be moved so as to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. Ensure that the navel and the ears are all wetted. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete.
On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place. If, while performing Wudhu, the feet had been washed, it is not necessary to wash them again. Dry the body with a clean towel, and dress as hastily as possible.
If, after Ghusl, one recalls that a certain portion of the body is left dry, it is not necessary to repeat the Ghusl, but merely wash the dry portion. It is not sufficient to pass a wet hand over the dry place. If one has forgotten to rinse the mouth or the nostrils, these too could be rinsed when recalled after Ghusl has been performed. The three Faraa’ids (compulsory acts) of Ghusl are: To rinse the mouth in such a manner that water reaches the entire mouth.
To rinse the nostrils up to the ending of the fleshy part. To completely wet the whole body. When one performs these Faraa’id intentionally or unintentionally Ghusl will be valid.
633: Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz.
634: Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin. Death of Hadrat Abu Bakr. Hadrat Umar Farooq becomes the Caliph. Battles of Namaraq and Saqatia.
635: Battle of Bridge. Battle of Buwaib. Conquest of Damascus. Battle of Fahl.
636: Battle of Yermuk. Battle of Qadsiyia. Conquest of Madain.
637: Conquest of Syria. Fall of Jerusalem. Battle of Jalula.
638: Conquest of Jazirah.
639: Conquest of Khuizistan. Advance into Egypt.
640: Capture of the post of Caesaria in Syria. Conquest of Shustar and Jande Sabur in Persia.Battle of Babylon in Egypt.
641: Battle of Nihawand. Conquest Of Alexandria in Egypt.
642: Battle of Rayy in Persia. Conquest of Egypt. Foundation of Fustat.
643: Conquest of Azarbaijan and Tabaristan (Russia).
644: Conquest of Fars, Kerman, Sistan, Mekran and Kharan. Martyrdom of Hadrat Umar. Hadrat Othman becomes the Caliph.
645: Campaigns in Fats.
646: Campaigns in Khurasan, Armeain and Asia Minor.
647: Campaigns in North Africa. Conquest of the island of Cypress.
648: Campaigns against the Byzantines.
651: Naval battle of the Masts against the Byzantines.
652: Discontentment and disaffection against the rule of Hadrat Othman.
656: Martyrdom of Hadrat Othman. Hadrat Ali becomes the Caliph. Battle of the Camel.
657: Hadrat Ali shifts the capital from Madinah to Kufa. Battle of Siffin. Arbitration proceedings at Daumaut ul Jandal.
658: Battle of Nahrawan.
659: Conquest of Egypt by Mu’awiyah.
Ibraheem ibn Adham (may Allah have mercy upon him) was a third century scholar, a teacher and companion of Sufyaan ath- Thawree, and he was asked about the saying of Allah- The Most High:
And your Lord says: ‘Call on me I will answer your prayer... [Qur’an 40:60]
We supplicate and we are not answered So he said to them:
You know Allah,
Yet you do not obey Him.
You recite Qur’an,
Yet you do not act according to it,
You know Shaytan,
Yet you have agreed with him,
You proclaim that you love the messenger of Allah,
Yet you abandon his sunnah,
You proclaim your love for paradise,
Yet you do not act to gain it,
You proclaim your fear of the fire,
Yet you do not prevent yourselves from sins
You say: Indeed death is true,
Yet you have not prepared for it,
You busy yourselves with finding faults with others,
Yet you do not look at your own faults,
You eat that which Allah has provided for you,
Yet you do not thank Him,
You bury your dead,
Yet you do not take lesson from it.
Zuhair Bin Saghir
The Last Prophet among all Prophets - Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh)
Justice - Hazrat Umar Farooq (R)
Obedience and Gentleness - Hazrat Fatimah (R)
Long age - Hazrat Nuh (A)
Philosophy - Imam Ghazali (R)
Tolerance - Hazrat Ayyub (A)
Jihad - Salahuddin Ayyubi (R)
Manliness - Mohd. Bin Qasim (R)
Application of Shariah- Aurangazeb (R)
Handsomeness - Hazrat Yusuf (A)
Truthfulness - Hazrat Abu Bakr (R)
Courage - Hazrat Ali (R)
Martyrdom - Hazrat Imam Hussain (R)
Fear of God - Rabia Basri (R)
Mourning - Hazrat Yaqoob (A)
Following Allah’s word - Hazart Ibrahim (A)
Ignorance - Abu Jahal
Wealth - Qaroon
Tourism - Ibn Batuta
Generosity - Hazrat Usman (R)
The Prophet , peace be upon him said:
If anyone invokes blessings upon me once, Allah will bestow blessings upon him ten times over . ( Muslim ).
The people nearest to me on the day of judgement will be the ones most conscientious in invoking blessing upon me. ( Tirmidhi ).
A messenger of Allah, mighty and glorified, came to me and said, “ if anyone from your Ummah sends you a salutation , Allah will record for him ten good deeds, wipe off ten of his sins, and raise him there by ten degrees in rank, and he will return his salutation with a similar salutation.’’ ( Reported by Ibn Kathir ).
Allah says : * “Allah and his Angels send blessings to the Prophet, O you who believe! send blessings to him, and salute him with all respect. (Al Qur’an 33:56)
Insha Allah , let us try to say Darood (Salavaath) daily as much as possible .
Allah Hum Ma Sal Li Ala Muhammad Din
Wa Al’a Aali Muhammadin Ka Maa Sal Lay Ta
Ala Ibraheema Wa Ala Aali Ibraheema
Inna Ka Hameedum Majeed.
Allahum Ma Baa Rik Ala Muhammadin Wa Ala Aali Muhammadin Ka Maa Ba Rak Ta Ala Ibraheema Wa Ala AAli Ibraheema Inna Ka Hameedum Majeed.