As the Muslims began to leave Makkah, some of the larger houses became tenantless, save for one or two old people. The prosperous city of Makkah, the centre of a flourishing trade, was quickly becoming deserted. Meanwhile to the north in Yathrib, people were gathering together men who cared nothing for the ties of kinship if they came into conflict with their religion.
A handful of Muslims were left behind in Makkah. Among them were the Holy Prophet (Pbuh), Hazrath Abu Bak’r and Hazrath Ali.
The emigration enraged the Quraish and they resolved to counter it with a treacherous plan.
The Quraish called a meeting in an ancient house called the ‘Dar-un-Nadwa’ or the ‘House of Counsel’. It was built by their ancestor, Qusayy ibn Kilab and was used for the most important occasions.
“Muhammad (Pbuh) threatens our country. We will talk over the best means of defence. Let each of us give his opinion freely,” said the first man who spoke. One of the Quraish said, “I suggest that we cast him into a dungeon, load him with chains, and bolt the door upon him until death overtakes him.” Another bitter opponent Asad ibn Rabiya said, “Banish him from the country!”.
The holy Prophet’s (Pbuh) greatest enemy was Abu Jahal. Now he rose to speak, “I have a project which will satisfy you certainly,” he exclaimed. “Each clan will choose a young, vigorous, warrior. Armed with sharp weapons, the men would, in with one blow, kill Muhammad (Pbuh).”
“The blame for the murder would not fall upon any of the clans because all would share the responsibility. Bani Hashim cannot fight against all of us. They will have to accept blood money in return for revenge.”
Abu Jahal’s plan was approved unanimously by the assembly and the plotters went about organising themselves to commit the perfidious crime.
Allah sent the Archangel Gabriel , to warn the holy Prophet (Pbuh), who hastened to Abu Bak’r house. “Allah has allowed me to leave the city and emigrate.” Said the Prophet (Pbuh). “Together with you?” Asked Abu Bak’r. “Together with you,” replied the Holy Prophet (Pbuh). Abu Bak’r Siddiq wept with joy at this for he was to be the, travelling companion of the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh).
The Prophet (Pbuh) returned to his house and told Ali that he was about to leave for Yathrib. Ali was asked to stay behind and return the goods which had been deposited for safe keeping. There were still disbelievers in Makkah who chose to keep their belongings in the custody of Al-Ameen, and would trust him as they trusted no one else.
The Prophet (Pbuh) also told Ali what Gabriel had told him about the plot Quraish had made against him.
Hazrath Hasham was the younger brother of Amr bin As and like Amr bin As Hazrath Hasham lived and died in the cause of Islam.
Hasham’s life from childhood was one of struggle. His father was a wealthy and influential man and was opposed to the Holy Prophet’s (Pbuh) message. He did everything to stop Hasham from becoming a Muslim. Hasham, like so many young men of his time, was able to see the truth of Islam’s message and wanted to dedicate his life to the cause. So strongly did Hasham’s father resent the Prophet’s (Pbuh) message, that he even confined Hasham for a while. Nothing worked, Hasham left his home to join the Prophet of Allah (Pbuh).
Hazrath Hasham was a brave man. When the Romans had attacked the Muslims at Sham (Syria), Hasham joined the Muslim ranks and fought courageously against the enemy. He would encourage the Muslims by saying, “the Romans cannot withstand our might. Fight for victory. If you keep away from battle you are denying yourself heaven.”
Hasam’s brave effort on the battlefield ended in his martyrdom. Looking at his mutilated body his bereaved brother Amr bin As said, “His body is with us, but his soul is with Allah.”
Years later, a group of Muslims were engaged in conversation. They were debating as to who was more virtuous Hazrath Hasham bin As or Hazrath Amr bin As. Hazrath Amr bin As happened to be present on the occasion. “Before the battle against the Romans,” he said, “we both prayed Allah for shahadah. The next day Hasham’s prayer was answered and he was martyred. So you can understand who is more virtuous between us.”
Young man like Hasham were largely responsible for giving the Islamic movement the necessary impetus in the early years. Hasham was one of those young men who broke away from home and family to serve in the way of Allah. Hazrath Hashma bin As Sahmi, may Allah be pleased with him, will always be remembered for his services to Islam.
Zuhair Bin Saghir
During the eventful tenure of Hazrath Ali’s Caliphate, a very interesting case came up once. The case was somewhat like this. Two people were companions on a long journey. One of them had three ‘rotis’ while the other had five of them. Just when they had sat down to have lunch, another traveller joined them. And when the traveller had his stomachful, he got up and started to leave. However, before departing, he paid them eight dirhams for the ‘rotis’ he had eaten. The one having five ‘rotis’ kept with him five dirhams and gave the remaining three dirhams to his companion. Nevertheless, the other person refused to accept those three dirhams and demanded that he should get half of the total money, that is four dirhams.
Finally, when the case was brought before Hazrat Ali, he told the person concerned, “You decide about your partner’s share. You are getting profited.” However, he declined to do so and said, “whatever is my genuine share, will be acceptable to me..” Hadrat Ali said,” Okay, then listen to me.
You were three people. You had three ‘rotis’ and your partner, had five. Suppose that all of you had eaten equal number of ‘rotis’.
If your ‘rotis’ are divided into three parts, then you have nine parts and your partner has fifteen parts. On combining them, we have twenty-four parts. Accordingly, each one of you had an equal share and therefore got eight parts each. Now, with these equations, you gave one part out of the nine parts to the traveller and your partner gave him seven out of the fifteen parts. Hence, you should get one dirham and your partner ought to get seven dirhams.”
This proves that Hazrath Ali (t) was one of the most efficient and intelligent judges of those times.
What does the best warrior possess?
An innate and sound sense of righteousness.
What does the best philosopher possess?
A sincere search for wisdom through realising that all knowledge belongs to a higher power.
What does the best doctor possess?
A kindness and gentleness unparalleled.
What does the true follower of Islam embody?
The qualities of the three above.. and more.
“Righteousness is the key to a good life. A good life is the key to the hereafter. And love points the way to righteousness.”
Before Islam, there was no method of remembering dates or years prevalent among the Arabs. They remembered important events and occasions instead of dates. For example, they knew about the different periodic phases of the moon, they knew about their tribal rituals and the periodicity with which it took place. Even during the period of Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh), there was no proper concept of calendars, though the Jewish, the Roman and the Persian calendars had been invented by then. When Hadrat Umar felt the need of a proper calendar while writing down the accounts and letters, he consulted the Sahabah. Upon this, Hazrat Ali suggested that since the Hijrah (migration) of Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) was a much more significant event than his birth, after which the horizon of progress of Muslims expanded far and wide and Islam struck the chord of people around the world, this eventful year ought to be regarded as the founding year of this calendar.
The event of Hijrah can be traced in Surah Tauba of the holy Qur’an. The moral victory of the Muslims after the conquest of Makkah has been clearly emphasised in this Surah, for Islam has no place for a politically- motivated victory. It calls for moral victory and the year of Hijrah marks the beginning of moral victories for Islam.
Hazrat Ali (t)’s suggestion was unanimously accepted and the Islamic calendar came into existence with the year of Hijrah as the first year, eventually coinciding with 622 A.D. ‘Moharram’ came to be known as the first month (1 July 622 A.D). This was so because the Arabs regarded the first month as Moharram rather than Rabi-ul-awwal. The Hijri calendar derives its essence from the lunar phases and movements.