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MONTHLY    *    Vol 13-08 No:152    *   AUGUST 1999/ RAJJAB 1419H   email: editor@islamicvoice.com


Attempt to Commit Suicide
Growth of Islam
Disbelief : Different types of Major Kufr


By S. Adbdullah Tariq

Q. Recently a hypnotism expert came to our college and demonstrated various items that were remarkable. During his speech he said that a person who learns self hypnotism and undergoes the same process can know in which form he was in his last birth. As we Muslims know there is no rebirth, what should we think of the hypnotist and his statement?

Irfan Ahmed. A. Mulla ; Bijapur

Ans. Muslims have been taught self-hypnosis and they are required to practice it five times a day. Nearly all religious meditations are self-hypnosis in which the meditator hypnotises himself into believing something through a process called auto suggestions.

The most conspicuous example of self-hypnosis in religious meditations can be observed in the Rajyoga of Brahma Kumari sect. To the beginners, they start teaching meditation in congregation. There is a discourse before the meditation describing the theory of Brahma Kumari mission. After that all participants are required to concentrate on a red bulb which glows over a Shiva sign (an elliptical shape). In the background is a picture of the founder of the sect who is referred to by them as Brahma Baba. As the devotees concentrate, some soft music with songs in praise of Baba is played. After a while, the songs and music stop and the tutor starts speaking in an impressive echo-like sound, what he/she wants the devotees to believe. With eyes fixed on the bulb, they listen intently to the suggestions of the tutor whose voice goes on slowing down and down and finally stops. By now the devotees are in a kind of trance and the message conveyed by the tutor reverberates in their mind. After a suitable interval of time, the dim lights of the hall are replaced by full illumination and the end of the meditation is declared so that the meditators can come out of their trance. They feel an immense amount of peace and are very much impressed. After a few such practice sessions where the suggestion come from outside i.e. the tutor, the devotees are taught to practice Rajyoga (the above meditation) on their own in their homes. They are given a set of suggestions that they go on repeating in their minds while they concentrate on some object (preferably a small bulb over the picture of Shiva Sign). Members of the mission are required to attend morning or evening session of about one hour of collective meditation in the nearby Brahma Kumari Ashram and practice in addition to it at least once in their seclusion. Soon they firmly start believing in whatever is being suggested to them by the tutor (Didi of the Ashram) and their own auto suggestions. The belief through this process is so rigidly engraved in their minds that even scientists among them do not question such ridiculous things as the birth of a peacock without mating of its parents and the whole life cycle on earth consisting of 5000 years.

Namaz in Islam is the same process. A person in Namaz is required to meditate in his mind that he is in the presence of God and then the voice of Imam in an impressive Qir’at (recitation) reverberates in his mind. If he has really started the prayer with the required meditation of God’s presence, the Namazi is in a trance, listening to the message of Qur’an and absorbing it. He goes from one posture to other mechanically with each sound of Allah-u-Akbar and he is trained to come out of trance with the pronouncement of Salam by the Imam. The tragedy is that Muslims do not know Arabic so that they could be completely benefited by Namaz. However even if they do not know Arabic, they can still learn the meaning of Allah-u-Akbar (Allah is Great), Sami-Allah-u-Liman-Hamidah (God heard him who praised Him) Subhaan-a-Rabbi Al-Azeem and Subhaan-a-Rabbi Al-Aala (Holy is my Lord the Great and Exalted). They can also learn the meaning of Attahiyaat, Durood and other prayers, which they daily recite in every Namaz. If they know the meaning then these will be engraved in their mind provided they are in a trance. The state of being in a trance can not be achieved unless the Namaz was started with the pre-requisite of meditating in the presence of Allah. Again, unfortunately a large number of Muslims are not told of and do not practice this meditation and hence they do not achieve all the objectives of Namaz. After the collective prayer, they have to offer their individual Sunnah and Nafil prayers in which they practice the same on their own. It was preferred by the Prophet (e) that people should offer these individual prayers in the solitude of their homes, as then they would be able to concentrate more.

It must be mentioned that unlike in Brahma Kumari, the Muslims are advised to ponder over the Qur’an. The holy Qur’an itself told them that the preferred slaves of Allah are: “those who, when they are reminded of the Signs of their Lord, droop not down over them as deaf and blind (i.e. they believe with full cognizance and understanding instead of a blind faith)”. (25:73). When such a person listens to the Qur’an in prayer, he already has perception of what he is being led to believe during the trance of the meditation.

So now you must be reassured that a Muslim who is a regular Namazi will never encounter the assumed scenes of a previous birth as he is already accustomed to the process of self hypnosis where his mind has already been trained not to believe in previous births. Those who already believe in the process of re-birth in this world without pondering over it and against all scientific reasoning, can witness the presumed scenes of re-birth. But to be a witness to this phenomenon, they will have to repeat and remind continuously to themselves during meditation that they had a re-birth. At first, with the help of an outsiders suggestions, during the trance and then by auto suggestions one can start seeing things for which his mind is being programmed. Even then all cannot achieve that state of self-programming. Staunch belief, weaker will powers and the levels of intelligence, all play their parts during the process and the results of all are not the same. Usually the ladies and persons of lesser will power and also those who have lesser intelligence are more susceptible to witness such visions. I personally know such persons who are extremely religious with an unshakable belief in rebirth and though they teach others to meditate, they have not been able to witness their presumed previous births despite years of meditational efforts.

This process of self-hypnosis bears more success in terms of witnessing previous births if during auto suggestions, the invocation of some invisible beings is also resorted to. Those beings (Jinns in the Qur’anic terminology), who normally can not dominate or possess a human mind get empowered when a human being invokes them and as a result accepts their superiority over themselves. Qur’an hints at their capability of possessing the human mind when they are invoked: “True there are persons among mankind who took shelter with persons among the Jinns, but they increased them into further error and they (came to) think as you thought that Allah would not raise up any one (to Judgement)”. (72:6-7). They can then guide them as they like and make the person see things and scenes which sometimes exist and most of the time are non-existent. By mixing verifiable truth with falsehood, they mislead the human race.

There is an occult science called Haziraat in which, the Aamil (the person invoking the Jinns) can make a child up to 10 years of age and sometimes a woman or a mentally slow person his subject, capable of seeing Jinns who show and inform them of unseen things. Many of the witnessed things come true while on a large number of occasions the scenes witnessed by the Mamool (Whom the Aamil uses as his subject) are totally false. Haziraat is becoming extinct today but most of the older people of our generation know of it and have seen it happen. If during the self hypnosis process, invisible powers are also invoked, by adopting a certain procedure, a kind of Haziraat comes into effect and the person in trance is possessed by Jinns who can show them places which sometimes really exist. The meditator, in the course of self hypnotism becomes more than assured that he is seeing the places and people concerning his earlier births.

To avoid the confusion and to know the truth with certainty, we must analyse the belief of transmigration of souls scientifically instead of resorting to self-hypnosis, which in fact is a process of affirmation of the presumed thoughts rather than a correct procedure of comprehension of truth.

The moral of the above exposition is that we must reflect upon and ponder over our presumptions before going into meditations with them.


Attempt to Commit Suicide

Q. Destiny (Taqdeer) is predetermined. Although Taqdeer Muallaq can be changed by supplication and prayers but certain things are categorized under Taqdeer Mubram, which is not to be changed like the birth or death of a person, the time, the place and cause of occurrence. But suicide is Haraam in Islam and the person committing the suicide is said to have committed a grievous sin. Since the cause of one’s death has already been determined, the suicidal deaths can also not be prevented, because a person’s death is predetermined and if one is destined to die as such, he will commit suicide.

(Farzana Feza ; Allahabad)

Ans. I do not remember any Hadith mentioning that the manner of death of a person is destined to remain unchanged. Even the time of death is extended through supplication and prayer. Anyway, whether the cause of death of a person is predetermined or subject to change according to Allah’s will, it does not alter the nature of sin of a person if he attempts suicide.

One thing is quite clear from Qur’an. A man is free to choose between the good or bad path for himself. Allah (swt) says: “We showed him the right path, whether he be grateful or ungrateful.” (76:3)

Although a human is free in opting for either way, he has no control over the actual happenings in this world. The occurrence after his attempt to act good or bad is in Allah’s control. He may shoot at an attacking beast in trying to save the life of a person but may in fact end up in killing the man instead. This happening is from Allah and while the dead was destined to die from his bullet, his act will be recorded as saving a man’s life. Similarly one may poison a person with the intention of killing him but if it so happens that the inadequate quantity of that particular poison cures him of a serious killer disease, the man who poisoned him shall get no reward for saving his life. His deed will be recorded as equivalent to murder.

Consider the following probabilities in context of a person attempting suicide.

1. He shoots himself and dies instantaneously.

2. After shooting himself, he goes into a coma and dies after a long time without ever recovering.

3. He shoots himself but before he could die of his own injury, he is bitten by a deadly snake and dies of its poison.

4. He shoots by placing the pistol over his temple but the only bullet misfires and he lives after that.

5. He attempts to shoot himself but another person intervenes and in the ensuing struggle, the one who wanted to save him gets killed by mistake.

In case 3 above, he was destined to die of snakebite at the same time and place he attempted to kill himself. It does not in any way wash him of his sin, which is same as in the earlier two cases. In cases 4 and 5, though the results are different, his sin remains the same. Whether he dies of his bullet immediately or later, or dies of some other cause at the same instant, or survives the attempt or kills someone else by mistake, the nature of his sin does not change. The results in all the five cases were in Allah’s control. He will be adjudged on the basis of his attempt to commit suicide, an act which he performed up to its end as far as he was concerned. Suicide was his act in all the above cases while the nature of his death, or his survival or some other person’s death in his place was the destiny ordained by God. It must be clear from the above that destiny does not affect a person’s free choice to do good or bad.


Growth of Islam

I am working in Kuwait, please answer the questions which will help me understand Islam

1. Who gave the first Azan?

2. Why has Islam taken so long to take off? Why are the Muslims considered to be the second largest in the population religion-wise in the whole world?

(Christy ; Kuwait)

The first Azan

1.Ans. When the Prophet (Pbuh) got the first mosque of his era built in Madinah, he initiated consultation about the mode of calling people to prayer. He did not like the suggestions of hoisting a flag over the mosque at the time of prayer or blowing horns or beating hooters to gather the people to mosque. The matter was under consideration when Abdullah Bin Zaid, a Companion, came with the idea of Azan (Adhan) which he told, was revealed to him in a vision. The Prophet was already thinking on that line and he immediately approved of it. He asked Bilal to repeat after Zaid the words told by him. It was the first Azan and Bilal was the first Mu’azzin.

The growth of Islam

2.Ans. Your astonishment is justified. Islam should have been the religion of all mankind by now. Muslims themselves are the biggest hurdle in the way of propagation and progress of Islam. The detail of the above statement is a lengthy and sad commentary, which is not being recounted here for want of space as one of many other reasons.

In spite of the injustice done to Islam by its own followers, it has been growing through its own inherent force. Against all odds, Islam today is the fastest growing religion in the world. Yes, its followers numbering about 1.2 billion form the second largest religious community in the world after Christians who are losing the race despite odds in their favour.


Disbelief : Different types of Major Kufr

The Qur’an uses the word Kufr to denote people who cover up or hide realities. The Qur’an uses this word to identify those who denied Allah’s favours by not accepting His Dominion and Authority. Kufr thus is an antonym for Iman or disbelief in Allah and a Kafir is a non-believer. This type of Kufr is called AL-KUFRUL AKBAR or major kufr. There are many types of Al-Kufrul Akbar .

1. Kufrul-’Inaad

Disbelief out of stubbornness. This applies to someone who knows the truth and admits to knowing the truth and admits to knowing it with his tongue, but refuses to accept it and refrains from making a declaration. Allah(swt) says: Throw into Hell every stubborn disbeliever [Surah Qaaf (50), Ayah 24]

2. Kufrul-Inkaar

Disbelief out of denial. This applies to someone who denies with both heart and tongue. Allah(swt) says: They recognize the favours of Allah, yet they deny them. Most of them are disbelievers. [Surah Nahl(16), Ayah 83]

3. Kufrul-Kibr

Disbelief out of arrogance and pride. The disbelief by the devils (Iblis) is an example of this type of Kufr.

4. Kufrul-Juhood

Disbelief out of rejection. This applies to someone who acknowledges the truth in his heart, but rejects it with his tongue. This type of kufr is applicable to those who call themselves Muslims but who reject any necessary and accepted norms of Islam such as Salaat and Zakat.

Allah (swt) says: They denied them (OUR SIGNS) even though their hearts believed in them , out of spite and arrogance. [Surah Naml(27), Ayah 14]

5. Kufrul-Nifaaq

Disbelief out of hypocrisy. This applies to someone who pretends to be a believer but conceals his disbelief. Such a person is called a MUNAFIQ or hypocrite. Allah( swt) says: Verily the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of Hell. You will find no one to help them. [Surah An Nisaa (4), Ayah 145]

6. Kufrul-Istihaal

Disbelief out of trying to make HARAM into HALAL. This applies to someone who accepts as lawful (Halal) that which Allah has made unlawful (Haram) like alcohol or adultery. Only Allah(swt) has the prerogative to make things Halal and Haram and those who seek to interfere with His right are like rivals to Him and therefore fall outside the boundaries of faith.

7. Kufrul-Kurh

Disbelief out of detesting any of Allah’s (swt) commands. Allah(swt) says: Perdition (destruction) has been allotted to those who disbelieve and He will render their actions void. This is because they are averse to that which Allah has revealed so He has made their actions fruitless. [Surah Muhammad (47), Ayah 8-9]

8. Kufrul-Istihzaha

Disbelief due to mockery and derision. Allah (swt) says: Say: Was it at Allah, His signs and His apostles that you were mocking? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after you have believed. [Surah Taubah (9), ayah 65-66]

9. Kufrul-I’raadh

Disbelief due to avoidance. This applies to those who turn away and avoid the truth. Allah(swt) says: And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of his Lord’s signs but then turns away from them. Then he forgets what he has sent forward (for the Day of Judgement) [Surah Kahf (18), Ayah 57]

10. Kufrul-Istibdaal

Disbelief because of trying to substitute Allah’s Laws. This could take the form of:

(a) Rejection of Allah’s law (Shari’ah) without denying it

(b) Denial of Allah’s law and therefore rejecting it, or

(c) Substituting Allah’s laws with man-made laws. Allah (swt) says: Or have they partners with Allah who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed. [Surah Shuraa (42),

Ayah 8] Allah(swt) says: Say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely (that) is lawful and this is forbidden so as to invent a lie against Allah. Verily, those who invent a lie against Allah will never prosper. [Surah Nahl (16), Ayah 116]