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December 2005
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Rituals

Hajj - The Most Beautiful Journey


The reward of a pilgrimage offered with sincerity, conscientiousness and proper submission to God is complete forgiveness of all one’s past sins.


On Arrival

* Ihram at Meeqat.

* (i) Two Rakats Nafil and Niyah (Declaration of Intention) and Talbiyah must be performed for Hajj and Umrah combined (Qiran) or

ii) Two Rakats Nafil and Niyah and Talbiyah must be performed for Umrah only (Tamattu) or

iii) Two Rakat Nafil and Niyah and Talbiyah must be performed for Hajj only (Ifraad).

* Tawaf Qudoom in Makkah (Arrival Tawaf).

* Two Rakats Nafil /Drink Zamzam.

* Sai’e

For Qiran maintain Ihram until Hajj.
For Tamattu one can come out of Ihram.


8th Dhul Hijjah

*Ihram from Makkah

* For those residing in Makkah, Ihram is from place of residence.

* Two Rakats Nafil and Niyah for Hajj and Talbiyah.

*Arrival in Mina before Zuhr. Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers and Fajr Prayer of 9 Dhul Hijjah.
9th Dhul Hijjah

*After Fajr prayer, arrival at Arafat

* Zuhr, Asr shortened and combined in Nimrah Mosque or wherever the tents have been put up in the camps.

* Standing at Arafat, after sunset, departure to Muzdalifah without performing Maghrib prayer at Arafat.

* Arrival at Muzdalifah, delayed Maghrib and Isha prayers with one Azan and two Iqamats combined. (Isha shortened)

* Collect pebbles for Rami of Jamra.. Pebbles may also be collected in Mina.


10th Dhul Hijjah

* Arrival at Mina after Fajr prayer in Muzdalifah.

* Lapidation (Rami) at Jamra Aqaba (Big Satan) before sun is past meridian.

* Sacrifice animal. One lamb or sheep per person. Camel and cow can be shared by 7 persons.

* Haircut or shaving of head.

* Come out of Ihram.

* Tawaf Ifadah / Ziarah


11th Dhul Hijjah

* Lapidation (Rami) at all the Three Jamarat after the sun is past meridian (seven pebbles at each Jamra)

* Stay in Mina


12th Dhul Hijjah

* Lapidation to be repeated as on 11 Dhul Hijjjah

* Leave Mina before sunset. perform Tawaf Ifadah if not performed yet.


13th Dhul Hijjah

* If sun sets in Mina, stay there and do lapidation as on the previous two days after the sun is past meridian, leave Mina for home.

* Tawaf Wida (Farewell Tawaf) when leaving Makkah for Madinah or home country.


The Talbiyah

Pilgrims are also recommended to repeat the traditional phrase declaring that they are responding to Allah’s call for them to offer the pilgrimage and complete it. They repeat these phrases as they go into Ihram. Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaik Laa Shareeka Laka Labbaik Innal Hamda Wannimata laka walmulk Laa Shareeka Lak “I respond to Your call my Lord I respond to You, there is no diety save You. All praise, grace and dominion belong to You. You have no partners.” Men should utter this aloud while women should say it silently. Repeat this Talbiyah frequently, and engage in the praise of Allah, in supplication for forgiveness, and in the enjoining of what is good and the forbidding of what is evil.


Essentials of Pilgrimage

There are four essentials of pilgrimage which must be done for it to be valid. Omitting anyone of these will invalidate one’s pilgrimage. These are:

1. Ihram

2. Attendance at Arafat at the specified time

3. The Tawaf of ifadah and

4. Sa’ie between Safah and Marwah

5. A fifth essential is added by Al-Shafie school of thought, which is to shave one’s head (for men only) or to shorten one’s hair.


Restrictions of Ihram

In the state of Ihram the following acts are forbidden.

To cut or shave the hair of head or body, till the sacrifice of animals is completed.

To cut the nails.

To wear stitched clothes (for men only).

To wear turban or cap or anything which covers the heads (for men only).

To wear shoes or socks above the ankle.

To cover the face

To perform Nikah or to arrange for Nikah.

To hunt animals.

To fight or quarrel.

To have sex,


Guidelines for Women Pilgrims

Performing Hajj without Mahram is forbidden. According to Nusrat Ibn Abbas, (RA), the Prophet (Pbuh) has said that no woman should make the Hajj journey without a Mahram. Mahram means a person with whom a marriage is not possible, example father, son, nephew, son-in-law, paternal uncle and maternal uncle. Mahram is such a person with whom one may not experience feelings which are natural only to a married state. Some women consider anyone as brother or son for the sake of making a journey. This is not allowed by Shariat.


Ihram for Women

* It is obligatory for women to cover the head.

* Stitched cloth is allowed.

* Any colour of dress is allowed.


Bukhari and Ahmad have reported that the Prophet (Pbuh) said: “A pilgrim woman must not cover her face.” This proves that a woman in the state of Ihram should not cover her face. The scholars, however, say that there is no harm if she covered her face with something other than a veil. She may also use an umbrella or similar item as a screen between men and herself. But if she is afraid of tempting others, she must cover her face. ‘Aishah said: “Men on camels used to pass by us while we were with the Prophet (Pbuh) and in the state of Ihram. We would cover our face with our gowns when they passed by us, and then uncover them again.”


On Menstrual Days

*It is reported by Hazrat Aishah (RA) that once on a Hajj Pilgrimage when she experienced the inconvenience of monthly period, the Prophet (Pbuh) noticing her inconvenience said: “There is no need to cry. This is something that Allah has made as a natural occurrence for daughters of Adam (Pbuh), meaning all women. The Prophet (Pbuh) said to ‘Aishah once when she menstruated: “You may perform all rites (of Hajj) as other pilgrims do, except performing tawaf around the Ka’bah which you may do after you are clean and no longer menstruating.”

* It is permissible for a woman to enter the state of Ihram in case she has experienced menstrual period by performing the ghusl (obligatory bath) and making the niyat (intention) of Hajj or Umrah. She will have to recite: Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaik Laa Shareeka Laka Labbaik Innal Hamda Wannimata laka walmulk Laa Shareeka Lak. This is enough for her to enter the state of Ihram.

* She may not offer the two rak’ats nafil salat of Ihram until she is fully clean and performed the obligatory ghusl. (bath).

* After Ihram she may perform the duties of Arafat, Muzdalifa and Mina.

* She may not perform tawaf in this state after reaching Makkah.

* She may pray and recite Istaghfar and all other duas.

* Women may touch and kiss the Black Stone when there is an opportunity and no men are around.

*Staying at Arafah means physical and mental presence in any part of Arafah, whether one is awake, asleep, riding, sitting, lying down, walking, and regardless of whether one is in a state of purity or not, e.g., a menstruating woman.

* Persons who for valid reasons, illness, etc., cannot themselves throw the pebbles may ask someone else to throw pebbles on their behalf.

*Women Pilgrims do not have to shave (their heads); they may only shorten their hair.” Ibn ‘Umar said, “when a woman (Pilgrim) wants to cut off her hair, she may hold her hair at the front and cut it off about the length of the tip of a finger.


Acts Prohibited During the State of Ihraam

*Sexual intercourse as well as all sex-play and acts and talks of romance. Quarrelling and fighting.

*Hunting animals.

*To inform a hunter of the whereabouts of an animal.

*To aid a hunter in anyway whatever.

*To chase a wild animal.

*To break an egg of a wild bird.

*To injure any wild animal, even removing its feathers.

*To sell wild animals.

*To purchase wild animals.

*To cut hair and nails or to ask another person to cut one’s hair and nails.